Close
Close
Ergebnisse eingrenzen
 Folge Deinen Favoriten!
NotificationsTrage dich ein um benutzerdefinierte Nachrichten über neue Produkte zu erhalten!











Art des SystemsFormat
Core Rulebooks   Suchbegriff löschen
PDF   Suchbegriff löschen
Erweiterte Suche >

 Sonderprodukt
Fellowship - A Tabletop Adventure Game
by Liberi Gothica Games

An cooperative, world-building adventure game focused on community, pride, and discovering what's truly worth fighting for. The Overlord player builds their grand villain exactly how they want them to be, with their own rules and their own character sheet. The other players are the heroes of the fellowship, and they work together to create the world they'll save together.

Fellowship - A Tabletop Adventure Game
 
 Beliebteste Core Rulebooks, PDF
 
 Beliebteste Gemeinschaftsinhalte Core Rulebooks, PDF
 
 Neueste Produkte in dieser Abteilung
 
 Neueste Gemeinschaftsinhaltetitel in dieser Abteilung
Produkte dieser Abteilung... Sortiert nach: 
 Produktname    Verlag    Preis ▲ 
#Feminism preview

#Feminism preview


Looking at the world through a feminist lens reveals absurd, tragic, and fascinating situations. Written by feminists from eleven different countries, #Feminism offers bite-sized takes on contemporary feminist issues. Each of the 34 nano-games in this collection requires between three and five participants, simple (if any) props, and up to an hour of play time. The games range from silly to serious,...   [Klicke hier für weiteres]
Pelgrane Press   FREE 

Jetzt kaufen  
(ME1001) - Mithgarthr RPG Core Rulebook - Free No Art Version

(ME1001) - Mithgarthr RPG Core Rulebook - Free No Art Version


Mithgarthr: The Roleplaing Game Free No-Art Version! Interested in the Mithgarthr RPG, but not sure if you want to pull the trigger on a purchase? This version is the FULL GAME, sans art (or bookmarks in the PDF). Durgat Bloodbeard and Glarnack fra Farthklan looked at each other and smiled. “Aye, we have plenty of gold in our bags,” Durgat said,...   [Klicke hier für weiteres]
Mithgarthr Entertainment  Bezahl soviel Du möchtest

Zur DriveThruRPG.com Bestellung hinzufügen  
13th Age Bestiary Preview

13th Age Bestiary Preview


Three monsters of the 13th Age - a free preview of the 13th Age Bestiary The naga, orc and white dragon are given the 13th Age treatment in this preview of the forthcoming 13th Age Bestiary, complete and ready to use. The 13th Age Bestiary introduces all-new creatures for the 13th Age Roleplaying Game,...   [Klicke hier für weiteres]
Pelgrane Press   FREE 

Jetzt kaufen  
13th Age Dragon Empire Map

13th Age Dragon Empire Map


13th Age Download a high-resolution map of the Dragon Empire! This ancient world is the setting for 13th Age, the d20-rolling fantasy roleplaying game from legendary designers Jonathan Tweet and Rob Heinsoo where you play epic adventures in a world where mighty Icons war and scheme in a tense balance of power. ...   [Klicke hier für weiteres]
Pelgrane Press   FREE 

Jetzt kaufen  
13th Age System Reference Document

13th Age System Reference Document


This is the 13th Age System Reference document. It contains all the open content from the 13th Age RPG which we call the Archmage Engine. Whether you are a publisher or a gamer, you can use this under the terms of the Open Gaming License. This is not the 13th Age Core Book, which is a beautiful, gamer-friendly book packed with extra content and written in the author’s distinctive...   [Klicke hier für weiteres]
Pelgrane Press   FREE 

Jetzt kaufen  
2014 Anthology

2014 Anthology


The first Indie+ Anthology is a collection of short roleplaying games and resources, released as a thank you to all our loyal subscribers who check out our videos each month during a subscriber drive to bring in new folks to our community. Thanks to all of your efforts, we added over 300 subscribers in 2014! ...   [Klicke hier für weiteres]
Indie+   FREE 

Jetzt kaufen  
2017 ENnies Sampler

2017 ENnies Sampler


We are proud to say that Pelgrane Press has been nominated six times in this year's ENnie awards. This free ENnies sampler features choice selections from each entry. If you like what you see, please consider voting for us. All these ENnie nominated products are available at 15% off until 1st August 2017. Best Adventure The Edom Files An adventure collection for the Dracula Dossier...   [Klicke hier für weiteres]
Pelgrane Press   FREE 

Jetzt kaufen  
21 Guns

21 Guns


An indie role playing game that celebrates the Stephen King's Dark Tower Saga. It's a free 2 pages RPG. Easy to play for 4 to 6 players. Once upon a time a great Kingdom reigned over the world, enlightening and protecting the peoples. The High King, Arthur David was seated on the throne and 100 great Knights attended him with honor. The Knights of the Kingdom sheltered the Hinges of the Universe,...   [Klicke hier für weiteres]
Coyote Press   FREE 

Jetzt kaufen  
2C2R - Galaventia (Italiano)

2C2R - Galaventia (Italiano)


Galaventia è la prima ambientazione pubblicata per il sistema Creative Commons Roleplay Rules (2C2R). Si tratta di un'ambientazione high-fantasy, e all'interno del file zip troverete tutto il necessario per giocare. A una prima occhiata potrebbe sembrare che ci siano troppi manuali, ma in realtà è più semplice di quanto sembri: assicuratevi solo di iniziare la lettura...   [Klicke hier für weiteres]
2C2R   FREE 

Jetzt kaufen  
2D10 Rpg

2D10 Rpg


The 2D10 Roleplaying Game is a fast, free, action-packed game system that comes in a single, stunning page of rules. All you need to play are these rules, some ten-sided dice, and your imagination. Here is why 2D10 is so cool: The rules can be learned and mastered in minutes. Heroes can be created in even less time. Hooks make it easy for GMs and players to get right into the thick of adventure. Feats...   [Klicke hier für weiteres]
Mystic Ages Publishing   FREE 

Jetzt kaufen  
44: A Game of Automatic Fear

44: A Game of Automatic Fear


"Someone you know was just replaced by a machine. No one else knows. You are next."   44: A Game of Automatic Fear is a suspense RPG. You portray people who know a robot conspiracy called Section 44 is replacing humanity. Can you survive before the conspiracy replaces you with a machine? Set in the backdrop of the early 1950s, a time of high paranoia, 44 works like an Alfred Hitchcock...   [Klicke hier für weiteres]
Stories You Play   FREE 

Jetzt kaufen  
5th Edition Team Deathmatch - PREVIEW

5th Edition Team Deathmatch - PREVIEW


A team-based, PvP competitive tabletop arena for the world's most popular roleplaying game. This game is an action RPG about strengthening the bonds you already have with the friends in your gaming group, or forming new bonds of friendship, in the face of shared adversity and the greatest challenge. Nothing beats the thrill of coming together to defeat a seemingly insurmountable foe. 5TDM doesn't...   [Klicke hier für weiteres]
DDE Adventures   FREE 

Jetzt kaufen  
7te See Charakterbogen

7te See Charakterbogen


Ab sofort könnt ihr euch den offiziellen 7te See Charakterbogen aus dem Grundregelwerk auch hier runterladen. Bastelt euch einen eigenen Helden, erlebt die spannendsten Abenteuer in Théah und entdeckt ein komplett neues Rollenspielerlebnis mit 7te See 7te See ist ein Rollenspiel voller Verwegenheit und Intrigen, voller Abenteuer und Entdeckungen. Sein Schauplatz ist der...   [Klicke hier für weiteres]
Pegasus Press  Bezahl soviel Du möchtest

Zur DriveThruRPG.com Bestellung hinzufügen  
7te See Schnellstartregeln

7te See Schnellstartregeln


Willkommen auf der 7ten See 7te See ist eine Welt voller Verwegenheit und Zauberei, Piraterie und Abenteuer, voller Diplomatie und Intrige, Archäologie und Entdeckung. Es ist eine Welt der Musketiere, Seeräuber und Freibeuter, voll von uralter Magie und versunkenen Zivilisationen, von Geheimnissen in den Schatten und Monstern in Menschengestalt. Eines der bekanntesten...   [Klicke hier für weiteres]
Pegasus Press  Bezahl soviel Du möchtest

Zur DriveThruRPG.com Bestellung hinzufügen  
7th Sea: Compendium

7th Sea: Compendium


The secrets of Théah are yours! This compilation of rules, updates and player information contains details on every aspect of 7th Sea. For new players, it provides an introductory guide to an exciting world of swordsmen and swashbucklers. For experienced players, it contains all the new material from the 7th Sea second printing, allowing you to stay caught up on everything. Whether you’re...   [Klicke hier für weiteres]
John Wick Presents   FREE 

Jetzt kaufen  
7th Sea: Khitai Quickstart

7th Sea: Khitai Quickstart


Across the world of Terra, far from the familiar kingdoms of Theah, lies the East. The lands of Khitai fill nearly half the world’s map, a rich tapestry of kingdoms connected by adventure, intrigue, trade and exploration. It is an intricate world of contemplative warriors, samurai and animistic mystics, all heeding a Call to Adventure resonating out across the world. Your adventure in...   [Klicke hier für weiteres]
John Wick Presents   FREE 

Jetzt kaufen  
9413: Hero Record Sheets

9413: Hero Record Sheets


PDF of the hero record sheet for the 9413: Warfare and Roleplaying game. ...   [Klicke hier für weiteres]
9413: Warfare and Roleplaying   FREE 

Jetzt kaufen  
A Fistful of Quidloos - Character Sheets

A Fistful of Quidloos - Character Sheets


A Fistful of Quidloos! - Character Sheets Free to download and print.   Game rules available on this site. ...   [Klicke hier für weiteres]
Kitsune Press   FREE 

Jetzt kaufen  
A Fistful of Quidloos - Free Money

A Fistful of Quidloos - Free Money


A Fistful of Quidloos! - Free Money Free to download and print.   Game rules available on this site. ...   [Klicke hier für weiteres]
Kitsune Press   FREE 

Jetzt kaufen  
A Land of Ice and Blades

A Land of Ice and Blades


A Land of Ice and Blades: beta version 2 ABOUT A LAND OF ICE AND BLADES A game about intrigue and adventures, about the deeds of single characters and the struggles of entire populations, about the fate of lonely heroes and the destinies of nations and tribes. A Land of Ice and Blades was born to try to emulate epic grand stories (ASOIAF?) by using the engine of Apocalypse World (and...   [Klicke hier für weiteres]
DaimonGames  Bezahl soviel Du möchtest

Zur DriveThruRPG.com Bestellung hinzufügen  
A Naturalist's Guide to Talislanta 1E

A Naturalist's Guide to Talislanta 1E


A compendium of selected flora and fauna native to the magical realm of Talislanta. Compiled from the notes of Tamerlin-traveler, self-styled wizard and author of The Chronicles Of Talislanta – The Naturalist’s Guide features illustrations and descriptions for over a hundred different creatures and beings, including: Ahazu, Exomorphs, Gnomekin, Monoliths, Sardonicus, Snipes, Vorls, Mandragores,...   [Klicke hier für weiteres]
Steve Sechi   FREE 

Jetzt kaufen  
A Slight Mistake - the RPG (GM's guide)

A Slight Mistake - the RPG (GM's guide)


For a few years now, I've been writing a series of novels set on a Dyson Sphere. Then the opportunity arose for me to run a game based upon them. I created a beespoke set of rules, based upon my own preferences and so I decided to put it out there and see if anyone else would like to play it. I've broken the rules into two books, the GM's guide and the Player's guide. Hopefully someone out there...   [Klicke hier für weiteres]
Slight Mistake  Bezahl soviel Du möchtest

Zur DriveThruRPG.com Bestellung hinzufügen  
A Slight Mistake - the RPG (Player's guide)

A Slight Mistake - the RPG (Player's guide)


A while ago I wrote some novels, and then the opportunity arose to GM an RPG., so I converted the first in the series into an RPG. I've placed it up here so other people can play it as well if they so desire. There are two books, a GM book and a player's manual and both are set as pay what you like. ...   [Klicke hier für weiteres]
Slight Mistake  Bezahl soviel Du möchtest

Zur DriveThruRPG.com Bestellung hinzufügen  
A year of mini-RPGs, season one

A year of mini-RPGs, season one


This volume collects 13 RPGs and a half, all designed to be read and played quickly while offering unconventional game experiences. - The Anti-Paradox Brigade: All the best Agents are already on the field when the alarm goes off at the Time Agency. That’s why, for once, it’s you they call... Here’s your chance to shine again, or confirm your ineptitude! - Last Escape:...   [Klicke hier für weiteres]
Côme Martin  Bezahl soviel Du möchtest

Zur DriveThruRPG.com Bestellung hinzufügen  
Abort Retry Fail 20XX

Abort Retry Fail 20XX


It is the year 20XX. Despite the actions of the malfunctioning robots from the future the singularity has happened. It is now the first days of the war between humans and machines. In the center of the war is one robot, it was unleashed with one mission then something went wrong and now it has several. This could be a good thing as there's no way it can fail them all... right? Abort Retry Fail...   [Klicke hier für weiteres]
David Baughan  Bezahl soviel Du möchtest

Zur DriveThruRPG.com Bestellung hinzufügen  
Abrégé des règles de Tunnels & Trolls 8

Abrégé des règles de Tunnels & Trolls 8


Un abrégé des règles de Tunnels & Trolls 8 pour découvrir le jeu. Permet de jouer des guerriers dans les solos de Tunnels & Trolls. Pour jouer d’autres types de personnages, avoir accès à d'autres espèces, un vaste choix d'équipement et pouvoir jouer en groupe, l’achat des règles complètes sur le site lulu.com est nécessaire....   [Klicke hier für weiteres]
Grimtooth   FREE 

Jetzt kaufen  
Achtung! Cthulhu - FATE Guide to the Secret War

Achtung! Cthulhu - FATE Guide to the Secret War


The Fate Guide to the Secret War is a terrifying World War Two setting for Fate Core with a conversion by Ryan Macklin This edition combines both the Investigator's Guide and Keeper's Guides into one single comprehensive volume and includes extras like character creation and character sheets. Discover the secret history of World War Two: stories of amazing heroism,...   [Klicke hier für weiteres]
Modiphius  Bezahl soviel Du möchtest

Zur DriveThruRPG.com Bestellung hinzufügen  
Acirema Dungeons – Character Sheets

Acirema Dungeons – Character Sheets


Includes two versions of the character sheet and a sheet of equipment tokens for tracking equipment and consumable supplies. The Secret Treasure of Raquoc in the Acirema Dungeons is the first Finnish tabletop role-playing game, released in 1986. English translation of the game was made available in 2014. The game rules are easy to learn, and there are a few twists and turns you won't...   [Klicke hier für weiteres]
Ironspine   FREE 

Jetzt kaufen  
Acirema Dungeons – Dungeon Book

Acirema Dungeons – Dungeon Book


The Secret Treasure of Raquoc in the Acirema Dungeons is the first Finnish tabletop role-playing game, released in 1986. English translation of the game was made available in 2014. The game rules are easy to learn, and there are a few twists and turns you won't find in other fantasy role-playing games. The Dungeon Books contains all the rules to create and run the adventures. This...   [Klicke hier für weiteres]
Ironspine   FREE 

Jetzt kaufen  
Acirema Dungeons – Player Book

Acirema Dungeons – Player Book


The Secret Treasure of Raquoc in the Acirema Dungeons is the first Finnish tabletop role-playing game, released in 1986. English translation of the game was made available in 2014. The game rules are easy to learn, and there are a few twists and turns you won't find in other fantasy role-playing games. The Player book contains all the rules needed to play the game. This book is for...   [Klicke hier für weiteres]
Ironspine   FREE 

Jetzt kaufen  
ACKS Domains at War: Free Starter Edition

ACKS Domains at War: Free Starter Edition


Tomorrow you will bring the battle to the foe. Tonight you walk among the troops you’ll lead. The mercenaries are veterans and sleep while they can, but the peasants levied from your lands seek courage in tales of your previous victories. You sit at their campfire, wearing your ring of invisibility so that you can listen instead of command. Remember when you were like them? Back when you first...   [Klicke hier für weiteres]
Autarch   FREE 

Jetzt kaufen  
Act Ten Character Sheet

Act Ten Character Sheet


This is a high resolution, grayscale version of the two page Act Ten Character sheet! With room for everthing you need to record, and set up to be used as either a one page basic PC/NPC sheet, or a expanded character with all the extras! ...   [Klicke hier für weiteres]
Act Ten Game Studio   FREE 

Jetzt kaufen  
Active Exploits Diceless Roleplaying

Active Exploits Diceless Roleplaying


All of the Adventure, None of the Dice! "Probably hands down one of the best diceless systems on the market. Excellent support for any questions you may have about the game... I would recommend Active Exploits for anyone who is curious about running a diceless game but yet still wants some sort of rules for keeping balance and control in the game. A must have for everyone's desktop."...   [Klicke hier für weiteres]
Precis Intermedia   FREE 

Jetzt kaufen  
Adrenaline

Adrenaline


The participants wake up in the center of the arena, a twisted, dark maze. Beneath them is a floor of ash and surrounding them are walls and corridors of dusty sandstone. A weak light permeates these halls, allowing the participants to see a short distance in front of them. Monsters tread on the trap-infested ash, sharpening their claws against the walls, hoping to kill the participants for their crimes....   [Klicke hier für weiteres]
Salt Flat Games  Bezahl soviel Du möchtest

Zur DriveThruRPG.com Bestellung hinzufügen  
Advanced Fighting Fantasy Guida Rapida

Advanced Fighting Fantasy Guida Rapida


Benvenuto in questo mondo di avventura, eroi orgogliosi, antri oscuri, foreste tenebrose, maghi misteriosi e mostri orribili. Un mondo al quale solo la tua immaginazione potrà dare vita. Benvenuto nel mondo di Fighting Fantasy! Con questo libro potrai iniziare a giocare le più fantastiche avventure della tua vita, dove avrai la possibilità di diventare chiunque vorrai, incontrare...   [Klicke hier für weiteres]
Arion Games   FREE 

Jetzt kaufen  
Advanced Fighting Fantasy Quickstart

Advanced Fighting Fantasy Quickstart


The Advanced Fighting Fantasy system was re-released as a second edition in 2011 to great acclaim and received great reviews. Although we are unable to offer a pdf version of the full rulebook, we are now able to offer the quickstart adventure to enable everyone to try this great game. Even inexperienced ropleplayers can be up and running in 10 minutes with the pregenerated Heroes included, and...   [Klicke hier für weiteres]
Arion Games   FREE 

Jetzt kaufen  
Advanced Superhero 2044 errata

Advanced Superhero 2044 errata


This is errata for ASH2044 version 1.0. ...   [Klicke hier für weiteres]
Zephyr Table Games   FREE 

Jetzt kaufen  
Adventures in the East Mark - East Mark Area Map

Adventures in the East Mark - East Mark Area Map


This is a two-page map of the region around East Mark. Welcome to the East Mark, young adventurer. I know it was not easy to get here but just consider the rewards: the wondrous treasures, the power and the glory that await you. It will not be easy to achieve all of this; indeed nothing is easy in the East Mark. You will have to work your way with your sword and your cunning....   [Klicke hier für weiteres]
Gallant Knight Games   FREE 

Jetzt kaufen  
Aegon's Conquest MegaGame

Aegon's Conquest MegaGame


It is the Age of Conquest, three centuries before the events of Game of Thrones. Westeros stands as a fractured continent, with seven warring kingdoms jostling each other for power and dominance. A new power has invaded from Old Valyria, bringing with them fire and blood. The time is now ripe to establish yourselves as the strongest Kingdom of the realm and unite Westeros under your banner. Claim...   [Klicke hier für weiteres]
DDE Adventures   FREE 

Jetzt kaufen  
Aetherianica - Public Playtest

Aetherianica - Public Playtest


Aetherianica A new kind of RPG where the fan base actually helps build it. The tools are modern. The game is quick, easy, and fun. Where third parties can really shine, and get to put out official products in an unrestrictive environment. Where the core rules are free and easy to access. This is the first of many public play tests. If you like the idea of a table top role-playing game that will be...   [Klicke hier für weiteres]
Dark Spire   FREE 

Jetzt kaufen  
Age of Arthur Character Sheet

Age of Arthur Character Sheet


Britannia is a land of petty kings and warlords, squabbling in the void left after the withdrawal of Rome. The light of civilisation is fading as a new Dark Age descends amidst the chaos of the rapacious Saxons. It is a time of gods, old and new, and the awakening of ancient powers. Christian missionaries convert the people, whilst druids and bards weave the old magic of the British gods. Capricious...   [Klicke hier für weiteres]
Wordplay Games   FREE 

Jetzt kaufen  
Age of Sorcery for Children

Age of Sorcery for Children


Age of Sorcery for Children is a much simpler version for young learners of ages 7 to 12. It is fun to play, yet is not too complicated either. This game is a great way to introduce your children to Role Playing Games! ...   [Klicke hier für weiteres]
Age of Sorcery Games and Publishing   FREE 

Jetzt kaufen  
Agon WWII demo for Musha Shugyo RPG

Agon WWII demo for Musha Shugyo RPG


The History of Mankind isn’t just a mere sequence of inevitable events, and no outcome is written in the stars, or already foreordained by the mind of some mystic, universal entity. Even though nowadays past events can appear to our eyes as the normal and gradual concatenation of causes and effects, such mechanistic certainty is the very first casualty on the battlefields, were victories are...   [Klicke hier für weiteres]
Acchiappasogni   FREE 

Jetzt kaufen  
Airfix Battles Scenarios

Airfix Battles Scenarios


Quick Battles With Your Plastic Soldiers! - NOTE THIS IS NOT A FULL GAME - IT IS A FREE COPY OF THE SCENARIOS TO GIVE YOU A TASTE FOR THE FULL GAME - You can download the full rules here. A fast and fun introductory wargame playable with all your Airfix figures and vehicles. Airfix Battles comes with everything you need...   [Klicke hier für weiteres]
Modiphius   FREE 

Jetzt kaufen  
Airfix Battles: The Introductory Wargame

Airfix Battles: The Introductory Wargame


Quick Battles With Your Plastic Soldiers! - NOTE THIS IS NOT A FULL GAME - IT IS A FREE COPY OF THE RULES TO GIVE YOU A TASTE FOR THE FULL GAME - A fast and fun introductory wargame playable with all your Airfix figures and vehicles. Airfix Battles comes with everything you need to play exciting World War Two battles straight out of the box...   [Klicke hier für weiteres]
Modiphius   FREE 

Jetzt kaufen  
Albion - free introduction

Albion - free introduction


This is the complete introductory section of Albion. It gives an overview of the setting and the rules basics. Go here to purchase the full book in PDF or in print with a free PDF included. Celtic fantasy roleplaying in a once and future Britain. The day after tomorrow, the seas rose and society crumbled. The Druid Order rebuilt, drawing on ideas of ancient times....   [Klicke hier für weiteres]
Silver Branch Games   FREE 

Jetzt kaufen  
All Too Familiar

All Too Familiar


All Too Familiar is another fine resource created by Colin Chapman. This free 4-page PDF document presents a variety of small animals suitable for use as “familiars” by magicians and witches in any Hyperborea campaign. I am particularly fond of the pegomastax, which will find immediate use in my own Hyperborea campaign. ...   [Klicke hier für weiteres]
North Wind Adventures   FREE 

Jetzt kaufen  
Alpha Chronicles - Starter Rules

Alpha Chronicles - Starter Rules


This is a set of Starter Rules for the Alpha Chronicles Game System. This copy does not contain all of the rules or content available in the Full Core Rules. It is robust enough to learn the system and enjoy playing.   Unleash Your Imagination Alpha Chronicles is a universal role-playing system that is well balanced, easy to learn, and truly offers unlimited gaming possibilities....   [Klicke hier für weiteres]
Alpha Chronicles   FREE 

Jetzt kaufen  
Alpha Omega Quick Start Guide

Alpha Omega Quick Start Guide


Are you ready to enter the world of Alpha Omega? The Alpha Omega Quick Start Guide includes everything you need to begin, streamlined mechanics, a new adventure, new creatures and NPC's! Players find themselves in a richly detailed, future Earth where mankind stands on the brink of extinction. Our planet is about to become the battleground for otherworldly creatures of incredible power as they wage...   [Klicke hier für weiteres]
Mind Storm Labs   FREE 

Jetzt kaufen  
Alterkine: Character Sheet

Alterkine: Character Sheet


Usable in d20 modern/future games this is a basic character sheet from the Alterkine: Player's Handbook. ...   [Klicke hier für weiteres]
HermaDolph   FREE 

Jetzt kaufen  
Ergebnis 1 bis 50 (von 7498 Ergebnissen) werden angezeigt Suchergebnisse:  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9 ...  [Nächste >>] 
Wählen Sie eine Seitennummer