designer, J.R. McClintock, in the embattled Southern city of New Orleans during the American Civil War. Intended to carry a crew of two, the Pioneer was man-powered, with one of the crew providing motive force by hand-cranking the screw propellor, while the other steered. Pioneer would attack by fastening its square "torpedo" (in modern terms, more of a limpet mine), carried atop the hull,... [click here for more]
Lt. Isaac Peral (1851-1895) of the Spanish Armada (navy) drew up plans for a revolutionary "submarine torpedo boat" in 1884. by 1888, a test vessel based on Peral's concepts and constructed under his supervision was launched. The single-hulled vessel featured an underwater searchlight, active engine cooling, and was electrically powered with batteries providing energy storage. The vessel... [click here for more]
One of the most famous submarines of all time never existed, except in the pages of a novel, yet was so vividly described that it has been a "real" ship in the imaginations of millions of readers since the novel was published in 1870.
That submarine is the Nautilus, the setting and centerpiece of the novel 20,000 Leagues Under The Sea by Jules Verne. Anticipating the real-world development... [click here for more]
The Winans family, successful railway engineers from Baltimore, Maryland moved into marine engineering with enthusiasm and great expenditures of their considerable family wealth but with less success. Their radical marine design concept included a patented ultra-streamlined spindle-shaped hull with minimum superstructure. The Winans believed that such a hull would perform better in rough seas and... [click here for more]